In the article is analyzed the important for modern philosophy idea of the essential connection of justice, recognition and identity. It is proved that the justice of social relations is determined not so only by the method of distribution of material goods, but by processes of social and individual recognition. From this point of view, asserted by J.Нabermas, A.Honneth, Ch.Taylor, R.Forst, just the people who possess the dignity who can become not only objects, but also blokes of justice, there are, citizens. Due to the overcoming of political paternalism and the existence of the individual as a bloke of political action, there is a deep re-accentuation of identity with the narrowest field of interpersonal communication and the formation of a new, based on human dignity and integrity, models of social justice and post-conventional identity. The practical philosophy of A. Gonet, comprehending modern society as a «society of neglect», makes it possible to understand that the experience of humiliation leads to a new understanding of the problem of identity, actualizes such concepts as honor, dignity, respect: because people are revolted against neglect, as well as against the violation of their interests. And of fundamental importance for modern philosophy is the thesis about the essential connection of justice, recognition and identity, which is primarily focused on the fact that the justice of social relations is organically determined not by the way of distribution of material goods, as by the processes of social and individual recognition. From this point of view, it is the people of dignity who can become not only objects but also subjects of justice, ie citizens. Thus, the author concludes that recognition is the broadest normative category that embraces both justice and identity, and their economic, cultural and symbolic dimensions must be interconnected. In this way, it is possible to build an adequate to the contemporary world, fair theory of identity, and to avoid the repressive communitarianism, which emphasizes the values of its community and neglects the opportunity for each individual to be an equal participant in the social space in general.
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