Existential dimensions of the Chernobyl disaster in the testimony of the first liquidators
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сhernobyl tragedy, radiation, radiation, liquidators, fear, anxiety

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Lytovchenko, V. (2021). Existential dimensions of the Chernobyl disaster in the testimony of the first liquidators. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 2(1), 41-54. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2021.2.1.03


The relevance of the chosen topic of the article is due to the lack of proper scientific discourse in the context of personal experiences of ordinary liquidators of the Chernobyl accident. The controversy of scientists in the Soviet Union focused on the causes and consequences of man-made disasters. At that time, the issues of constituting the value of human life, personal doubts and experiences, worldviews of liquidators in conditions of imminent and invisible danger were overlooked in scientific publications, or covered superficially. Evidence of human heroism and frivolity, open disregard for the basic rules of safety and the desire to secure themselves with simple folk methods, extreme manifestations of human selfishness and altruism are presented on the basis of open sources (fragmentary memories of the liquidators of the accident). The problem is extremely relevant because of the devastating consequences of an unprecedented catastrophe, Ukrainian society has once again failed to understand that human life is the greatest value on Earth. The analysis of memories-convictions of liquidators from the position of revealing existential markers of coexistence of human society in the conditions of radiation pollution is carried out. In the work, the existence of the hero-rescuer is determined by the concepts of "anxiety", "fear", "life", "humor" and others. It is concluded that the Chernobyl disaster revealed previously unknown manifestations of ambivalence in life personality, has become a test of our social maturity.

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