Mental structures of consciousness as a prerequisite for sustainable devel-opment and security of society
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Keywords

society; structure; mentality pattern of the safety; values; sustainable development; education

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Ananin, V., & Horlynskyi, V. (2021). Mental structures of consciousness as a prerequisite for sustainable devel-opment and security of society. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 2(1), 3-18. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2021.2.1.01

Abstract

Mankind's entry into the development zone, which is referred to in social discourses as a "civilizational break", is characterized by an increase in the scale and intensity of environmental, man-made, anthropogenic catastrophes and social cataclysms such as a pandemic. The integration of global threats with foreign policy and military expansion, internal problems of development of the Ukrainian state, necessitates a rethinking of the mental foundations of behavior and professional activity of the individual as a prerequisite for humanitarian security. Sustainable human development is related to human security. Human security is due to an adequate reaction of the person on the extreme situation. Thus, at the heart of the mechanism of prevention of anthropogenic threats, there is a problem of search of new opportunities and effective ways of influence on consciousness, behavior and actions of the person in crisis situations of professional activity. Targeted influence on the behavior and preventive activities of the person in crisis situations is possible through the formation of the mental structure - the mental pattern of safety. The theoretical basis for the development of a model of the mental pattern of security was Pierre Bourdieu's ideas about "habitus" as a built-in set of models and schemes of response to various situations that structure human social practices. These are also the concepts of "semantic structures" of the life world of Edmund Husserl, "mental structures" of K. Levi-Strauss and "symbolic order" of Jacques Lacan. Mental pattern of security considered by the authors as an open, dynamic, relatively stable, functional structure that develops. Its configuration is determined by the "assembly point", due to personal characteristics, specific place, time, form of motivation of human behavior in an extreme situation. The processes of functioning of the mental pattern of security have a dual nature: conscious, teleological, controlled and subconscious, unpredictable, self-organizing. The conscious level is characterized by a rational, purposeful controlled flow of behavioral reactions due to the social need for security. The unconscious level is characterized by spontaneity and spontaneity of psychological reactions in unpredictable situations. It is a hidden level of self-organization based on feedback, corrective connections and subconscious attitudes. Constituting the mental pattern is due to the needs for security, social experience of their implementation, special knowledge, humanistic value orientations, social status, role, attitudes, motivation and reflection of the individual. Mental pattern of security includes of cognitive, semantic, values, emotive and behavioral substructures. Their functioning is complexed models and schemes to respond adequately to the crisis, emergency situations, constitute a social safety practices. The basic function of the mental pattern of safety is the formation of the social, psychological and professional readiness of adequate understanding, behavior and preventive action in emergency situations. The leading role in shaping the mental pattern of safety belongs to the system of education for sustainable development. The formation, through a system of preventive education, of mental structures that determine adequate thinking, behavior and ways of preventive human activity in crisis situations is one of the effective ways to influence the state of humanitarian security. The knowledge of the constitution of the mental structures of mental can be used as a conceptual framework of humanitarian policies and the modernization of education for sustainable human development.

https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2021.2.1.01
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