The genesis of the concept of «space» and its semantic definitions
PDF (Українська)


space, eretz, chora, receiver, live environment

Abstract views: 21
PDF Downloads: 12

How to Cite

Zhuk-Yaremchuk, Y. (2021). The genesis of the concept of «space» and its semantic definitions. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 1(2), 114-131.


The aim of the study is to analyze the terminological origins of the concept of «space», which in turn is one of the fundamental philosophical categories. Thus, the concept of space is used in everyday and scientific life, which allows us to explore its diversity. It was worth referring to the original sources of the concept, so in Hebrew we find the concept of space – אֶרֶץ (eretz / arets), which contains the meaning of “land”, “space”, “land of the people”, “country”, “people”, “land for work”, “place of residence”. It turns out, with the help of linguistic sources, that the eretz has its equivalent in the Greek language in the form of χωρα (chora), which refers us to a more detailed study of this concept. So, in Greek the chora it means “country”, “area”, “city”, “village”, “people”, “field”, etc., but the interesting point is that the meaning of the word can be understood only in a specific use depending on from the context. In this case, the chora acquires interesting meanings, as a type of activity, type of work or an area of philosophy. The chora has many word forms, all of which indicate place, movement, exchange, transition, and interpenetration. One of the first to use this word in his philosophy was Plato, so he gave it a different meaning, revealing its deep meanings. The idea of ​​the Platonic chora is important for explaining the universe in ancient times. Thus, the Platonic chora is now referred to as the “nurse of all births”, “receptacle”, “abode”, “cradle”, etc. It acts as a mediator between the world of ideas and the world of copies, it accepts everything that was to be born, without changing, without distorting, it conforms to the law of the cosmos, in it everything is in its place according to its purpose. Consideration of the representatives of Neoplatonism helped to expand, clarify and supplement the conceptual apparatus of the study. The space, once deprived of spirituality (fullness), regains its vital colors. Thus, space is considered not as physical matter, geometric area or length, but as a kind of analogue of the state of interaction of a place and what this place fills.
PDF (Українська)


Buzhashka, I. B. (2017). The Space of Χώρα: A Perspective on Contemporary. (Masters thesis). Leiden. Retrieved from https://studenttheses.universiteitlei

Isar, Ν. (2009). Chôra: Tracing the Presence. Review of European Studies. 1 (1). 39-55. Retrieved from /res/article/view/2467

Isar, N. (2009). Chorography – A space for choreographic inscription. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov, 2 (51) Series IV: Philology and Cul-tural Studies. 263-268. Retrieved from BULETIN2009/Series%20IV/BULETIN%20IV%20PDF/43_Isar_N.pdf

Plato. (1993) Timaeus & Critias (with translation in modern Greek & com-ments by the Kaktos Literature Group). Ancient Greek Literature «The Greeks» Series 171, ed. Odysseus Chatzopoulos. Athens: Kaktos Publications. Retrieved from 101360/plato-timaeus-critias-rle-plato-taylor

Koehler, L., Baumgartner, W., Stamm, J. J., Hartmann, B., Ben-Hayyim, Z., Kutscher, E. Y., … Richardson, M. E. J. (1999). The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. New York: Brill.

Whitelaw, K. E. (2017). The Third Kind: An Analysis of the Receptacle in Pla-to’s Timaeus. (Masters thesis). St. John’s Newfoundland. Retrieved from

Wilson, W. D. D. (1850). The Bible Student Guide to the more Correct Under-standing of the English Translation of the Old Testament, by Reference to the Original Hebrew. London: ‎ Wertheim and Macintosh. Retrieved from

Afonasina, A. S. (2013). Pseudopyphagorica: Timaeus Lokrsky on the nature of space and soul. (Candidate’s dissertation). Novosibirsk. [Іn Russian].

Berman, B. I. (1997). Biblical meanings. Moscow: Laida. [Іn Russian].

Boroday, T. Y. (2008) The birth of a philosophical concept. God and matter in Plato's dialogues. Moscow: Savin S.A. [Іn Russian].

Vernand, J.-P. (1988). The origin of ancient Greek thought: (F. X. Kessidy & A. P. Yushkevich, Trans.). Moscow: Progress. (Original work published 1962). [Іn Russian].

Vikhlyantsev, V. P. (2020). Biblical dictionary. Moscow. Retrieved from [Іn Russian].

Halych, V. M. (2018). Semiotic chorus of landscape detail in journalism. Nau-kovi zapysky Instytutu zhurnalistyky [Scientific notes of the Institute of Journalism], 1, 33-42. Retrieved from [Іn Ukrainian].

Goran, V. P. (2009). Historical forms of rationalism and irrationalism in West-ern philosophy: the era of the classical polis. Dualistic ontology and the ten-dency of irrationalism in Plato's philosophy. Vestnik NGU. Filosofiya – NSU Bulletin. Philosophy, 7(3), 103-117. Retrieved from bitstream/handle/nsu/7345/17.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y [Іn Russian].

Greek-Russian Dictionary of the New Testament, in favor of youth (2d ed.). (1827). Moscow: university typography. [Іn Russian].

Dvoretsky, I. Kh. (Ed.). (1958). Ancient Greek-Russian Dictionary (Vols. 1-2). Moscow: GIS. [Іn Russian].

Dugin, A. G. (2014) Noomakhia: War of the Mind. Three logos. In search of a theory. Vol. 1. Moscow: Academic Project; Gaudeamus. [Іn Russian].

Zaliznyak, A. A. Grammatical Dictionary of the Russian Language. Inflection. Retrieved from BC%D0%BB%D1%8F [Іn Russian].

Earth – «adama» or «eretz»? Official website of the All-Israel Public Organi-zation Toldot Yeshurun. Retrieved from urava_7687.html [Іn Russian].

Zinkovsky, E. A. (2014). The doctrine of matter in the sacramental and an-thropological aspect in the works of the theologians of the Alexandrian school, the great Cappadocians and Venerable Maxim the Confessor. (Doctoral dissertation). Moscow, Saint Petersburg. [Іn Russian].

Karaseva, S. G. (2007). Philosophy. Review of philosophical doctrines: a course of lectures. Minsk: Moscow State University of Economics A. D. Sakh-arova. [Іn Russian].

Kudriavtseva, N. S. Specific linguistic and cultural metaphors of time in meta-physical concepts of philosophy. Naukovi zapysky Nizhynskoho derzhavnoho universytetu im. Mykoly Hoholia. Filolohichni nauky [Scientific notes Nizhyn State University Nikolai Gogol. Philological sciences], 1, 38-42. Retrieved from is_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?I21 DBNLINK&P21DBN=UJRN&Z21ID=&S21REF=10&S21CNR=20&S21STN=1&S21FMT=ASP_meta&C21COM=S&2_S21P03=FILA=&2_S21STR=Nzfn_2015_1_10 [Іn Ukrainian].

Lidov, A. M. (2012). Icon and iconic in sacred space. Ikona v russkoj slovest-nosti i kul'ture [Icon in Russian literature and culture]: mater. mezhd.-nauch. konf. (M., 26-28 lyut. 2012). (p. 83-108). Moscow. Retrieved from [Іn Russian].

Mavlyudov, D. K. (2015). Space and topos. Postgraduate. Aspirantskij vestnik Povolzh'ya [Bulletin of the Volga Region], 15(3-4), 139-145. Retrieved from [Іn Russian].

Margaroni, M. (2008). Lost Foundation: Kristeva's Semiotic chora and its Am-biguous Legacy. Hora [Chora], 3, 70-97. Retrieved from [Іn Rus-sian].

Archimandrite, Nikifor. (2005). Bible Encyclopedia. Moscow: Lokid-Press; RIPOL classic. Retrieved from [Іn Russian].

Nikulin, D. V. (2005). Metaphysics and Ethics. Moscow: Yu. A. Shichalin's Greek-Latin cabinet. [Іn Russian].

Newman, B. M. (2012). Greek-Russian Dictionary of the New Testament. Moscow: Russian Bible Society. [Іn Russian].

Petrova, L. A. (2016). The theme of happiness and joy in ancient culture and Christian tradition. (Candidate’s dissertation). Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities. St. Petersburg. Retrieved from [Іn Russian].

Pylypiuk, A. V. (2018). Manuscript of Pamfil Yurkevich «Neoplatonic Philos-ophy»: source analysis. Naukovi zapysky NaUKMA. Filosofiia ta relihiiez-navstvo [Scientific notes of NaUKMA. Philosophy and religious studies], 2, 26-34. Retrieved from [Іn Ukrainian].

Plato. (1994). Timaeus (S.S. Averintseva Trans.). Collected works (Vols. 1-4). Moscow: Thought. [Іn Russian].

Proclus, Diadoch. (2012). Commentary on Timaeus. S. V. Mesyats. (Trans.). Vols. 1-5. Moscow: Publishing house «Greco-Latin cabinet of Yu. A. Shicha-lin». [Іn Russian].

Archpriest Dyachenko G. (2013). Complete Church Slavonic Dictionary. Mos-cow: BMM. [Іn Russian].

Protopopova, I. A. (2006). Metaphysics behind the looking glass, or about two matters in Plotinus. Arbor mundi, 12, 9-45. Retrieved from [Іn Russian].

Sychevska-Vozniak, O. (2011). Genesis of the problem of theodicy in ancient philosophy. Naukovyi visnyk Chernivetskoho universytetu. Filosofiia [Scien-tific Bulletin of Chernivtsi University]. Philosophy, 541-542, 143-148. Re-trieved from [Іn Ukrainian].

Fasmer, M. (1987). Etymological dictionary of the Russian language. O. N. Trubacheva (Trans.). Vols. 1-4. Moscow: Progress. Retrieved from [Іn Russian].

Fast, G. Archpriest. (2007). Sketches from the Old Testament. Guide to the Study of the Holy Scriptures. Vols. 1-2. Krasnoyarsk: Yenisei Blagovest. Re-trieved from [Іn Russian].

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.