Social order of the city in philosophical theories: from Georg Simmel to Michel de Serto
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urbanism, social space, everyday life, urban practices, social order

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Kosynska, A. (2021). Social order of the city in philosophical theories: from Georg Simmel to Michel de Serto. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 1(2), 77-98.


The article deals with the city from social order in classical social theories to the modern concepts. The social order is one of the main problems of social sciences. There are two explanations of society: a social-centered one wich starts from Parsons’s works, and a society as a product of human beings from Weber’s theory etc. Author of thr article starts with the theory of Georg Simmel, the mechanistic theory of Mumford Lewis, the idea of labor division of Durkheim and the city as a product of the culture by Max Weber. The author analyzes the urban reality of Henri Lefebvre, the society of Guy Debord's performance and the opposition of strategy and tactics in the cities of Michel de Serto. The concept of «social order» refers to certain restrictions, prohibitions and controls in public life; implies the existence of relationships in society; includes an element of predictability and recurrence in public life; mean a certain coherence of the components of social life; indicates stability, more or less long-term preservation of its shape. On the basis of rethinking urban life, there are attempts to understand the social order, which is related to the ideas of ethnomethodology. The goal of the work is to detail the concept of the city in the context of the constitution and functioning of the social order and to describe the grounds for the development of this aspect in the ethnomethodology of Harold Garfinkel and his followers. The author of the article thinks that the understanding of the city through the prism of the social order, its principles and characteristics is the important part of contemporary social science. Without an explanation of the mechanisms constituted by the society, it is not possible to be a part of it.
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