Heidegger's influence on the philosophical understanding of the concept of "art" by Gadamer
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Keywords

art, concept of art, Gadamer, Heidegger, philosophy, art work, understanding of art, aesthetic

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Trufanova, A. (2021). Heidegger’s influence on the philosophical understanding of the concept of "art" by Gadamer. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 1(2), 54-76. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2021.1.2.04

Abstract

The author of the article analyzes the philosophical vision of the concept of "art" by Heidegger and Gadamer, gives comparative characteristic and reveals the meaning of how their vision of art has changed in different historical periods. Representativeness and presentability of art are considered from the point of view of both philosopher’s. Based on the ontological foundations of aesthetic experience, the article reveals the main theses of understanding the components of art and its characteristics in the process of life of the historical community. Gadamer's philosophical vision examines hermeneutic aesthetics and reveals the definition of art as one that includes play, symbol, and festival, and analyzes the vision of works of art as existing "in themselves". Haidegger's understanding of the influence of art on the aesthetic experience of human history is reproduced, which is based on its function of "formation and discovery of truth". To encounter the paradoxical movement at rest within a great artwork, Heidegger believes we need only follow the phenomenological dictum that we should “simply describe” our experience of the work of art “without any philosophical theory”. The author argues that Gadamer is not applying a hermeneutic method to aesthetic experience but seeking to expose the hermeneutical movement from part to whole within aesthetic experience. In other words, the claim that aesthetics should be taken up within hermeneutics is not an attempt to reduce aesthetics to another idiom. It announces an endeavor to articulate the hermeneutic dynamic of aesthetic experience itself. The tension in Gadamer’s position arises from asserting art’s autonomy and demanding that aesthetics be subsumed within hermeneutics. By analyzing the philosophical vision of art in the works of Heidegger and Gadamer, understanding its essence appears in the prism of the modern vision of the concept of art. The boundaries in our understanding of art and approach to it cannot be higher than it’s already existing. Dialogue and interpretation have an important means of overcoming misconceptions on the way to achieving mutual understanding in the process of becoming an understanding of the concept of art.

https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2021.1.2.04
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