Reconstruction of the sacred significance of the interior of the Nebelivka Temple and its main symbol
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Trypillia, Nebelivka, temple, temple interior, religious cosmology, trypillia religion, World Tree

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Zavalii, A. (2021). Reconstruction of the sacred significance of the interior of the Nebelivka Temple and its main symbol. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 1(1), 87-110.


During the archeological research of the Trypillian Temple complex near the village of Nebelivka (Kirovohrad region) revealed many temple inventory and interior features that are of significant interest for religious studies. Given the fact that the building is recognized as the largest temple of Eneolithic Europe, and later the center of pilgrimage of the Trypillia ethnocultural group, we consider it necessary to delve into its individual phenomena with approaches to interdisciplinary study. The premises of the Nebelivka Temple complex were mainly occupied by monumental religious objects that marked the religious space. Among the remains of the building were found seven altars of fire, a clay podium with a set of cult utensils, ritual graters, a ceramic table, a ceremonial set of cups and more. It is worth noting a special find - the remains of a ceramic disk with a group of chips to it. This discovery in the scientific world was called the Nebelovsky Disk. A fundamental phenomenon of the interior space of the Nebelivka Temple was a conditional pit (deepening) in the very center of the ritual hall. It is the central temple point that provides the key to the interpretation of the main temple symbol, which was probably of plant origin.The article draws parallels between the main ritual hall of the Trypillian Temple and the special ritual building of the Vedic religion "prâcînavamsa" / "prachinavansa" in which the most important ritual of the Vedic religion "ashvamedha" was performed. This shows a significant similarity between the two sacred buildings, and most importantly the similarity of the recesses in the center of the sacred space, which was marked by the "World Tree" (according to V. Toporov). The author argues that the peculiarities of the interior of the Nebel Temple illuminate the ideas of ancient people about the structure of the sacred cosmos, the place of people in it and the symbols that connect sacred society with cosmological ideas. The peculiarity of this study is that the inner temple filling is essentially a materialized spiritual world of ancient farmers, which broadcasts their religious cosmology.
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