Reconstruction of the sacred significance of the interior of the Nebelivka Temple and its main symbol
PDF (Українська)


Trypillia, Nebelivka, temple, temple interior, religious cosmology, trypillia religion, World Tree

Abstract views: 51
PDF Downloads: 33

How to Cite

Zavalii, A. (2021). Reconstruction of the sacred significance of the interior of the Nebelivka Temple and its main symbol. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 1(1), 87-110.


During the archeological research of the Trypillian Temple complex near the village of Nebelivka (Kirovohrad region) revealed many temple inventory and interior features that are of significant interest for religious studies. Given the fact that the building is recognized as the largest temple of Eneolithic Europe, and later the center of pilgrimage of the Trypillia ethnocultural group, we consider it necessary to delve into its individual phenomena with approaches to interdisciplinary study. The premises of the Nebelivka Temple complex were mainly occupied by monumental religious objects that marked the religious space. Among the remains of the building were found seven altars of fire, a clay podium with a set of cult utensils, ritual graters, a ceramic table, a ceremonial set of cups and more. It is worth noting a special find - the remains of a ceramic disk with a group of chips to it. This discovery in the scientific world was called the Nebelovsky Disk. A fundamental phenomenon of the interior space of the Nebelivka Temple was a conditional pit (deepening) in the very center of the ritual hall. It is the central temple point that provides the key to the interpretation of the main temple symbol, which was probably of plant origin.The article draws parallels between the main ritual hall of the Trypillian Temple and the special ritual building of the Vedic religion "prâcînavamsa" / "prachinavansa" in which the most important ritual of the Vedic religion "ashvamedha" was performed. This shows a significant similarity between the two sacred buildings, and most importantly the similarity of the recesses in the center of the sacred space, which was marked by the "World Tree" (according to V. Toporov). The author argues that the peculiarities of the interior of the Nebel Temple illuminate the ideas of ancient people about the structure of the sacred cosmos, the place of people in it and the symbols that connect sacred society with cosmological ideas. The peculiarity of this study is that the inner temple filling is essentially a materialized spiritual world of ancient farmers, which broadcasts their religious cosmology.
PDF (Українська)


Archaeologists told about the faith of the people of Trypillia. Retrieved from

Atharvaveda (Shaunaka). (2005). In 3 volumes. Moscow: Institute of Oriental Studies RAS. [In Russian].

Burdo, N. B. & Videiko, M. Yu. (2007). Memories of the Golden Age. Kharkiv: Folio. [In Ukrainian].

Videiko, M. & Burdo, N. (2015). "Megastructure" - Temple in the Trypillia settlement near the village. Nebelivka. Cult complex Kukuten-Trypillya and its neighbors. Collection of scientific works. Institute of Archeology of the Na-tional Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. [In Ukrainian].

Videiko, M. Yu. (2015). Ethnosocial transformations in Central and South-Eastern Europe V-IV millennium BC. (Doctoral dissertation). Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

Restoration of the Trypillia Temple. Retrieved from: https://www.

Dyakonov, I. M. (1990). Archaic myths of the East and the West. Moscow: Nauka, Main edition of oriental literature. [In Russian].

Lyashko, M. & others (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Trypillia civilization. (2004). In 2 vol. Vol. 2. Kyiv: Ukrpoligrafmedia. [In Ukrainian].

Lyashko, M. & others (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Trypillia civilization. (2004). In 2 vol. Vol. 1. Kyiv: Ukrpoligrafmedia. [In Ukrainian].

Eliade, M. History of Faith and Religious Ideas. Gautama Buddha to the tri-umph of Christianity. Retrieved from:

Zavalii, А. Holy, all-conquering "Tree of Life". Retrieved from https://www.

Zavaliy, O. Symbol of the "Tree of Life" in the Aryan, Slavic, Ukrainian mean-ing. Retrieved from

Kifishina, O. A. (2010). The sacred tree in the art and culture of Hellas (PhD dissertation). Moscow. [In Russian].

Videiko, М., Chapman, D. & Heydarskaya, B. (2013). Studies of Megastruc-ture in the settlement of the Tripoli culture near the village of Nebelevka in 2012. Tyragetia, s.n., VII [XXII], 1, 434 p. [In Moldova].

Prychepiy, E. (2018). Cult ceramics and ornaments of Trypillia tableware in the light of pramif ideas. CULTURAL THOUGHT, 13, 37-49. [In Ukrainian].

Problems of study and protection of monuments of primitive art of Southern Europe (Stone Age - Bronze Age). (2015). Zaporozhye, Wild Field. [In Ukrainian].

Ribakov, B. (1965). Cosmogony and mythology of the Eneolithic farmers. Soviet archeology, 1, 24-46; 2, 13-39. [In Russian].

Svarog. (1996). Journal of the Ukrainian Pagan Community "Orthodoxy". Kyiv, Issue 4. [In Ukrainian].

Toporov, V. N. (1991). World Tree. Myths of the peoples of the world: Ency-clopedia: In 2 vol. Vol. 1. Moscow: Sov. encyclopedia. [In Ukrainian].

Toporov, V. N. (2010). World tree. Universal sign complexes, 2. Mos-cow: Manuscript Monuments of Ancient Rus. [In Ukrainian].

The Code of Trypillia is exhibited in Lviv. Retrieved from

Bisserka, Gaydarska, Marco, Nebbia & John Chapman. (2019). Trypillia Megasites in Context: Independent Urban Development in Chalcolithic Eastern Europe. Cambridge Archaeological Journal. Institute for Archaeological Research (р. 11).

Cultura Cucuteni in contextual neo-eneoliticului European. (2014). Interna-tional Colloquium. Piatra-Neamț, 15-17 octombrie. [In Romania].

Cucuteni and ancient Europe. (2016). The collection of scientific works, 414. Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

Hofmann, R, Mu¨ller, J. & Shatilo L. (2019). Governing Tripolye: Integrative architecture in Tripolye settlements. US: University at Buffalo, The State Uni-versity of New York.

Chapman, J., Videiko, M. Yu., Gaydarska, B. (2014). Architectural differen-tiation on a Trypillia mega-site: preliminary report on the excavation of a mega-structure at Nebelivka, Ukraine. Durham University, Journal of Neolithic Archaeology, Nov. 24th.

PLATAR. (2008). Ukraine to the World, Treasures of Ukraine from the PLA-TAR Collection. Kijow-Warszawa, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie. [In Po-land].

Rick, F. Talbott. (2005). Sacred Sacrifice: Ritual Paradigms in Vedic Religion and Early Christianity.

Мenotti, F. & Korvin-Piotrovskiy, A. (2012). The Tripolye Culture Giant-Settlements in Ukraine Formation, Development and Decline. Oxford, UK., Oxbow Books.

Burkert, W. (1997). Homo Necans Interpretation altgnechischer Opfernten und Mythen. Berlin.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.