Levels of self-organization of freedom as criteria for social progress


freedom, freedom of choice, reflection of freedom, reflective practices of freedom, formalization of criteria of freedom, expansion of horizon of freedom, civilizational transformation of society

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Lyubiviy, Y. (2021). Levels of self-organization of freedom as criteria for social progress. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 1(1), 16-30. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2021.1.1.02


An important characteristic of the self-organizational evolution of complex systems, from inorganic to organic and social, is the growth of the potential for freedom. This dynamics of development continues in the evolution of social systems and becomes most noticeable in the bifurcation periods of social transformations. Two such transformational transitions of society took place in pre-civilization times. These are the Cognitive Revolution and the Neolithic (agrarian) revolution (Y. N. Harari). Two other radical transformations of society took place in the time after the emergence of civilizations and which can be called civilizational transformations. This is the "axial time" and the Industrial Revolution. This is the "axial time" and the Industrial Revolution. The agrarian revolution contributed to the production of sufficient food for the growing population and the creation of civilized forms of life. The industrial revolution has created the material means for sufficient livelihood and human development, increasing the resource of free time and creating conditions for freedom of creativity. The industrial revolution became possible in the advanced countries of the world, which managed to provide a number of social and organizational innovations. N. Ferguson considers competition, science, property, medicine, consumption, and work to be such innovations. The rest of the world is more likely to assimilate the technological results and benefits of a more progressive way of life, but more slowly to master the human qualities and relevant innovative social relations necessary to create these human-dimensional achievements of civilization. S. Pinker shows that the rest of the world in more important social and economic indicators is catching up with highly civilized countries at a rate much higher than the latter developed in the period since the Industrial Revolution, creating conditions for further free self-realization. J. Diamond, N. Ferguson and Y. N. Harari believe that in today's world there should be a clear program to improve people's lives while maintaining ecological balance. The cognitive revolution and, especially, the "axial time" have created a reflective spiritual and cultural tool for expanding the horizons of human freedom on the inner plane - in the realm of consciousness. At present, the world is undergoing a civilizational transformation, which is commensurate with the above. At present, the world is undergoing a civilizational transformation that is commensurate with the above. This transformation takes place both externally in the field of technology, and internally in the field of consciousness. The latter consists in the formation of institutionalized reflection of the second order purposeful management of reflexive processes, increasing their hierarchical complexity and increasing their efficiency.



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