The teachings of the social doctrine of the Сonstantinople patriarchate on ways to overcome poverty
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The teachings of the social doctrine of the Сonstantinople patriarchate on ways to overcome poverty

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Gulyamov, B. (2020). The teachings of the social doctrine of the Сonstantinople patriarchate on ways to overcome poverty. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 2(2), 148-167. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2020.2.2.11

Abstract

Objective: the aim of the paper is the analysis of the main features of the social doctrine of the Ecumenical Patriarchate on the problem of poverty. Methods of research: the hermeneutic method – analysis of individual documents of the social doctrine of the Patriarchate of Constantinople; the comparative method – in order to study different interpretations of modern social teachings of Christian churches on the attitude to the problem of poverty and ways to overcome it. Conclusion: The social doctrine of the Ecumenical Patriarchate on overcoming poverty, which depends on the ideas of modern theology about the need for radical ethical solidarity with marginalized and exploited sections of the population are analyzed. The social doctrine of the Ecumenical Patriarchate proposes that nation states pursue a policy of social protection based on the recognition of the absolute dignity of each individual and based on the experience of social diakonia and critical analysis of modern globalized capitalism is studied. It is proved that the social doctrine of the Ecumenical Patriarchate is similar to the idea of the social doctrine of Pope Francis, but remains more realistic and does not call into question modern capitalism in general, but proposes its reform towards the development of community culture based on Christian moral understanding of individual rights. In the social teaching of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, much attention is paid to the moral responsibilities of individuals and communities in solidarity with the poor, migrants affected by the social challenges of today. It is proposed to humanize the capitalist ethos through the adoption of moral regulation by the higher ethical values of Christian communities, and not to replace it with the post-capitalist ethos of Christian socialism. Thus, the social doctrine of the Ecumenical Patriarchate becomes a manifestation of solidarity, more conservative and pro-capitalist than the social teaching of Pope Francis and the political theology of John Milbank.

https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2020.2.2.11
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