The messianic idea as the center of the russian world doctrine: an ontologi-cal incompatibility with orthodoxy
PDF (Українська)


The messianic idea as the center of the russian world doctrine: an ontologi-cal incompatibility with orthodoxy

Abstract views: 14
PDF Downloads: 8

How to Cite

Zborovska, X. (2020). The messianic idea as the center of the russian world doctrine: an ontologi-cal incompatibility with orthodoxy. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 2(2), 106-118.


An essential aspect of forming the doctrine of "Russian peace" is creating a state hybrid in which power, faith, and people appear as an inseparable unity that justifies itself, or rather – ontologies. The author, defending the idea of the origin of this doctrine in the XIII century, refers to the texts of Russian ideologues, who find the sources of God's election of the Russian people since the baptism of Russia, paying particular attention to the concept of "Third Rome". It catalyzes Russia's messianic idea, which becomes the foundation of the ideology of the "Russian world". In the current state of "hybrid war", such deconstruction is crucial in application to the aggressive ideology promoted by the Russian media, through the analysis of the origins of the doctrine of "Russian world", appeal to the ideological concept of "Moscow – Third Rome,"which formed the messianic idea divine election of the n people. According to the author, the myth of the divine origin of the Russian autocrat and the messianic role of the Russian people is a conscious ideological construct that reflected the search for Russian national identity in the new historical conditions: liberation from the Tatar-Mongol yoke, expansion of the Moscow principality, the capture of Constantinople by the Muslims became a catalyst for the messianic idea of the divine election of the Russian people (as persecution became for the Jews at one time). The author shows how Moscow ideologues manipulated the texts of their saints and scholars, turned religious ideas into the service of tsarism, and went against the dogma of Orthodoxy. The paper illustrates the differences in the interpretation of messianism in its original version, in Christianity, and in the Russian format, which allows us to conclude the ontological incompatibility of Russian messianism and canonical Orthodoxy.
PDF (Українська)


Cherniavsky, M. (1959). Khan or Basileus: an aspect of Russian mediaeval political theory. In: Journal of the History of Ideas, XX, No. 4 (October–December 1959), 465-466. Retrieved from:

Chornoguz, O. (2010). Shadow of Philotheos. Universum, 11-12 (205-206). Retrieved from: [In Ukrainian].

David, B.Miller. (1979). The Velikie Minei Chetii and the Stepennaia Kniga of Metropolitan Makarii and the origins of Russian national consciousness. In: Forschungen zur osteuropäischen Geschichte, XXVI. Рp. 263-382.

Duncan, Peter J. S. (2002). Russian messianism: Third Rome, Revolution, Communism and after. London and New York: Rout Ledge. 255 p.

Eikalovich, G. (1977). Jewish messianism. RHD Bulletin, no. 121, 103-105. [In Russian].

Kohn, H. (1933). Messianism. Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. New York, X:356.

Lotman, M., Uspensky, B. (1982). Echoes of the concept of "Moscow – the Third Rome" in the ideology of Peter I. In: The artistic language of the Middle Ages: a collection of articles. Moscow: Nauka, 1982. S. 236-249. [In Russian].

Monuments of literature of Ancient Russia: The end of the XV - first half of the XVI century (1984). Moscow: Publishing House "Fiction". Series "Monuments of Literature of Ancient Russia". 768 s. [In Russian].

Savelyeva, M. (2007). Monarchy as a form of personal self-determination. The Russian experience of the formation of the sacred phenomenon. Kyiv: Parapan, 412 p. [In Russian].

Soloviev, B. (1896). Messianism. Encyclopedic Dictionary. Brockhaus, F. A. & Efron, I. A. (Eds.). St. Petersburg: Typo-Lithography I.A. Efron, T.XIX. P. 150. [In Russian].

Tsuladze, A. (2003). Political mythology. Moscow: ESKMO. 383 p. [In Russian].

Werblowsky, R.J. Zwi. (1974). Messiah and messianic movements. Ency-clopaedia Britannica, 15th edn. Chicago, Macropaedia, XI, p. 1017.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.