The article studies the sources of the concept of communication, which are formed in the philosophy of «the Other». The peculiarities of constructing a discourse with «the Other» on the basis of the philosophy of dialogue are revealed. Interaction with «the Other» is carried out through the articulation of «the Other», the appeal and response to the appeal of «the Other», intentionality, reflexivity, mutual orientation. The specifics of orientation on the personal, individual basis of communication carried out in personal philosophy are determined. The concepts of openness, sensitivity, indifference, responsibility are crucial for building communication in personal philosophy. The criteria for interpreting the sensory data of «the Other» are image, behavior, accumulated life experience, they are developed in sociological phenomenology. The formation of social ties is based on the perception of motives, behavior and reactions of «the Other» in everyday life. The mechanisms of social cognition, successful interaction with «Others» and self-knowledge are revealed in modern theories of communication. They deepen the understanding of social cognition through the relationship with «the Other» in various processes, from empathy to group membership. Communicative space is studied as a sphere of activity that combines the relationship of internal motives and personal attitudes of the individual with the common values, ideals and norms of others. The prospect of researching the chosen problem covers the current development of the concept of «the Other», which deepens the understanding that such mechanisms of social cognition as empathy or group membership, reveal the importance of successful interaction with others in the social world.
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