Existential ethics of self-being and calling of a Person
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Keywords

phenomenon of calling, call, existential analytics, self-being, existential truth, ethical values

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How to Cite

Muliarchuk, Y. (2020). Existential ethics of self-being and calling of a Person. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, 1(2), 144-156. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2020.1.2.09

Abstract

The article researches the conceptual approach of existential ethics of calling of a person. Within the framework of existential analysis and its further development in the later works of M. Heidegger the author determines existential values of self-being of a person. The study proves the necessity of value dimension for the revelation and understanding of the phenomenon of calling. The conceptual content of those values is as following: existential conscience, existential truth, the value of the experience of human existence finitude, integrity, determination, onto-dialectical freedom of existence, care for about authenticity of existence. The phenomenon of call is analyzed in its meaning in Heidegger’s philosophy. The research determines that ethical values have their necessary grounding on the level of existential values. Apart from that existential basis ethics cannot have its meaningful content. Nevertheless, the basic determinations of existential ontology cannot be sufficient for the ethics of calling, because the purpose of every human calling prevails over the values of self-being. Calling always aims into the transcendental sphere of human hopes and desires. Therefore, in the understanding of calling ever present the motive of a transcendental good, purpose and truth of human existence. The article determines the limitedness of the dominant in the European metaphysics idea of authenticity of consciousness of a subjectivity and of the individual existence as well for the grounding of analysis of the phenomenon of calling. The obtained results complete the analysis of calling as a phenomenon of human existence in the aspect of understanding of its value content, the interrelation of its existential and ethical reasoning. The results of the presented study can be used in the teaching courses in philosophy, ethics, pedagogics and in the further scientific researches.

https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2020.1.2.09
PDF (Українська)

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