The article deals with the treatise "Peace with God to Man", authored by Inоkenty Gizel and published in the printing house of the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra in 1669, is a famous Ukrainian literary monument of the mid-seventeenth century. This work had a significant impact on the development of moral ideas in Ukraine. Even today it is of interest to Ukrainian Orthodox theologians. A certain evidence of the relevance of the treatise "Peace with God to Man" is its reprint in 2012 translated into Ukrainian in a collection of works by Inоkenty Gizel. Various aspects of this work were considered by both Ukrainian and foreign researchers – D. Brogy Berkoff, J. Butsora, L. Dovga, M. Korzo, P. Kraliuk and others. The purpose of the study is to consider the structure of the treatise "Peace with God to man", its linguistic aspects, the questions of borrowings and authorship. The research methodology consists of general scientific and special methods. The work is based on the principles of scientific objectivity, comparative studies and problem-chronological approach. The scientific novelty of the research is that for the first time attention is focused on the reflection of the Ukrainian realities of the XVII century in the work "Peace with God to man", and also it is shown the specifics of its linguistic context. "Peace with God to Man" is the first significant work on moral theology in the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. Written in the Church Slavonic language, it was aimed at the Orthodox clergy of Ukraine, as well as Muscovy, Belarus, and perhaps even other countries where the Church Slavonic language was used in worship. In writing the treatise "Peace with God to Man", Western, mostly Catholic, sources were used, which was typical of the scribes of the circle of Kyiv Metropolitan Peter Mohyla. It is especially worth noting that we have a constant appeal to Ukrainian realities in the work. Using them, we can reconstruct the picture of Ukrainian society in the middle of the XVII century. The treatise "Peace with God to Man", authored by Inokenty Gizel, is a well-known Ukrainian literary monument of the mid-17th century. It was published in 1669 in the printing house of the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra, the archimandrite of which, in fact, was Inokenty Gizel. It is worth highlighting that the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra at that time was one of the largest publishing houses in Ukraine. And the publications printed in it were distributed not only in Ukraine, but also distributed among the Orthodox population of Eastern Europe and the Balkans. This treatise had a significant impact on the development of moral ideas in Ukraine. Even today it is of interest to Ukrainian Orthodox theologians.
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