It is determined the relevance and trends of studying in religious studies and theology problems of modern ecumenism. They are caused by a deepening interest in social and spiritual challenges and problems of the current world and urgency substantiation ways of their decision and development of theoretical ideas of formation ideal social system. The main line that pervades all modern ecumenism as a Christian movement aimed at renewing and uniting churches organic search for the most effective ways of forming Christian unity in the field of social issues. It is proved that the readiness of new and traditional Christian religious organizations for understanding and dialogue in this area are important for the sustainable development of social dominance. Millennial history of creation and testing the life of a person of Christian values and ideals is determined to be important argument in the construction of axiological priorities for the formation of modern and the future society. The real effectiveness and efficiency of ecumenism in the social field is confirmed by the rejection of the rigid controversy between Christian churches as unproductive for Christianity and the whole society. The reassessment of Christian churches and theologians are seen as motivated their own attitude to certain aspects of social life, there is a strengthening social service priorities. Experience in the struggle for social exclusion troubles and deepening of real inter-Christian and inter-religious dialogues interconnection demonstrate the prospect of forming common ground of the Christian social ideal. Maintaining one's religious identity and establishing directions formation of positive stable spiritual and moral coordinates of social changes lead to new inter-religious communication and reinforcement of those lasting elements the Christian social ideal that is possible now and in the future, reflecting the dynamic intensions of the present societal challenges.
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