The article analyzes the sources of the ideas of open Orthodoxy, which has become the development strategy of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. It is proved that modern Ukrainian open Orthodoxy develops as a result of attempts to revive the identity of Kiev Christianity, to contextualize the social doctrine of universal Orthodoxy, to contextualize the concepts of modern Orthodox theology, and also due to the appeal to the early Christian vision of relations between the church and society. Ukrainian open Orthodoxy denies Orthodox fundamentalism, but it does not fully agree with Orthodox liberalism. The article argues that Ukrainian open Orthodoxy has expressed the ideas of a moderate conservatism that is set up for dialogue with society, other faiths and religions. Ukrainian open Orthodoxy is typologically similar to the ideological position of the Patriarchate of Constantinople and other local Orthodox churches, which are in opposition to the fundamentalism of the Russian Orthodox Church. The sources of Ukrainian open Orthodoxy were modern Orthodox theology, the Kiev tradition of Christianity, Orthodox liberalism, the pro-European rhetoric of the leaders of Ukrainian Orthodoxy. The construction of open Orthodoxy is in line with the overt Christianity of the UGCC and the overt Protestantism developed by liberal Ukrainian theologians. The traditional Ukrainian openness to the European educational and cultural space did not bypass the religious sphere, which was especially evident in the time of Peter Mohyla and in the formation of the philosophical and theological courses of the Kyiv Mohyla Academy. The negative assessment of Ukrainian openness to Western influences by Russian theologians was generated by the bias and their poor knowledge of the subject of study. Open Orthodoxy is more in line with the common Christian identity than fundamentalism, which is nowadays an additional motive for its active development.
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