The work "What is yoga?" By P. D. Ouspensky and Sri Aurobindo Ghosh's philosophy of integral yoga (the comparative analysis)
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yoga, integral yoga, consciousness, mentality, orientalism

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Kihno, A. (2019). The work "What is yoga?" By P. D. Ouspensky and Sri Aurobindo Ghosh’s philosophy of integral yoga (the comparative analysis). Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (5-6), 104-115.


The article provides a list of parallels between the Ouspensky's views and interpretation of Yoga and the views of Aurobindo and Satprem, who also claimed a deeper and more incomprehensible understanding of the phenomenon. The work of P. D. Ouspensky's "What is Yoga?" was written and revised for quite a long time in the period 1912–1934. It occupies a special place between the works that at that time popularized yoga for the Western reader and "Synthesis of Yoga" by Aurobindo. Aurobindo, pointing out the limits of the analytical approach, tried to give an original interpretation of yogic phenomena, based on his own philosophical paradigm. Ouspensky writes that there are, in fact, several unknown to the Europe Indian doctrines who nevertheless grow from one common root. He argues that yoga, as a collection of self-education systems, resists all known and unknown doctrines and also has one common worldview that needs to be found. Thus, in this regard, Ouspensky contrasts the analyticism of previous European approaches, which sees a complex set of Indian yoga schools his own attempt to find a more universal worldview basis for the phenomenon of yoga. The article compares the interpretation of the Assumption of the Raja Yoga system in comparison with the integrated approach of Aurobindo and Satprem. Assumption writes that a person must master the ability to stop the course of their thoughts. Ouspensky's peculiar metaphorical language can be juxtaposed with the strikingly poetic metaphor of Satprem in his book on the philosophy of Aurobindo. Satprem in various ways, writing about the stoppage of the "mind machine", the "mental factory", that both alien and own thoughts come to mind from the outside, that the human mind is a "receiving station" that catches the thoughts that come from a mental plan higher than ours - from the General Mental. Ouspensky sets himself more descriptive and more analytical tasks, he sought authenticity in describing the Indian, yogic way of perception. Aurobindo continually sought a more synthesizing approach to yoga, and continually sought to go beyond both Western rationalism and traditional descriptions of yoga.
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