Problems of the european democratic axiology development in the ukrainian society
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Keywords

human, values, culture, education, European identity, democracy

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Riabeka, Y. (2019). Problems of the european democratic axiology development in the ukrainian society. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (5-6), 23-36. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2019.5-6.02

Abstract

The strengthening of the independence of the Ukrainian state relates to the need to solve several urgent economic, political, socio-cultural problems. In politics, these problems are concentrated on the concept of “democracy”. Strengthening democracy with the need to strengthen the openness of the Ukrainian society will contribute to the glorification of freedom. Let's take a closer look at that. When it comes to the establishment of a democratic society, governed with the rule of law, and to the institutions, rules, and procedures in Ukraine, one of the fundamental issues is the full consolidation of the European democratically humanistic values in the public consciousness, the mentality of the Ukrainians. Of course, historically we are a European nation, but we have been part of other states and cultures for a long time, where axiological guidelines differed significantly from those of Europe, which, in our view, hinders the integration of our country into the single family of European nations. The author analyses various dimensions of Ukrainian values’ ambivalence which creates big struggles within Ukrainian society, so these are predetermined not by regional or national identity, but ideological and axiological preferences. The author claims that in such a complex worldview and axiological situation the Ukrainian people should choose the priorities of freedom, responsibility, solidarity, tolerance, dignity, and rule of law. This choice is greatly complicated by the poverty of the national economy and the general poverty of the population. In addition, there is a significant number of global obstacles. In modern information and technological civilization, it is difficult to be engaged in self-education, value self-education because an unlimited number of ways of action, ethical and aesthetic variations are offered. Beside such a pluralism of ways of doing and living the development speed of the First World countries could disable the nations which belong to other geopolitical and axiological clusters to overtake the developed countries and could condemn them to permanent degradation outside of the progress. This analysis and consideration of the problem of the European democratic axiology development allows to draw a conclusion that the necessity of democracy for the Ukrainian transformational society is not only the declared reference point but also the vital necessity on which the survival of the Ukrainians as independent, authentic, self-sufficient nation actually depends which is interesting for other European countries.

https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2019.5-6.02
PDF (Українська)

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