Philosophy of inclusion in education
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philosophy, society, education, development, inclusion, inclusive education, person, anthropology

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Pavlenko, K. (2019). Philosophy of inclusion in education. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (3-4), 184-195.


In this article the author considers the actual question of the essence of the phenomenon of inclusion in contemporary pedagogy in the philosophical sense. The emphasis here is on the role of philosophy as a semantic guide in inclusive learning. The significance and role of diverse scientific perspectives on social inclusive values Іs also revealed and the sociocultural aspect of the phenomenon of inclusion in education in accordance with the educational policy in Ukraine in recent years is presented: conformity with the general social expectations and existing realities of perception of the concept of "otherness". In addition, the perception of otherness and differentness not only in the process of education and upbringing of children with special educational problems, but also of social inclusion in the modern society. The importance of educating a teacher (especially one who is just starting out in his professional career) for active perception and engagement with inclusion is emphasized, it is a matter of both the integrity of the individual and the philosophical perception of life, and the importance of this process for the parents of a child with special needs. It is stated that the purpose of inclusion in education is to create conditions for the education of children, taking into account their needs. The philosophy of inclusion is based on the equal rights of each individual, his or her personal freedom, choice and access. An inclusive society enables every member of the society to make his or her choice in all aspects of daily life. Instead, such a society exploits the potential of the diversity of its members, the wealth of their knowledge, skills, abilities, values, beliefs, beliefs, beliefs and more. Building on the values of democracy, equality and justice, an inclusive society is the desire to give confidence to every child, both gifted and disadvantaged, and with poor knowledge of the state (as non-native) language, and of a child with a disability. That is why an inclusive society can become more successful, as it develops as a democratic, tolerant, creative, open to communication and cooperation.
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