Philosophical analysis of problems of social adaptation and maladaptation families raising a special child
PDF (Українська)


social adaptation, social exclusion, a special child, social quality, quality of life

Abstract views: 78
PDF Downloads: 33

How to Cite

Orlenko, I. (2019). Philosophical analysis of problems of social adaptation and maladaptation families raising a special child. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (3-4), 55-73.


The article analyzes the scientific approaches and current research problems of social adaptation and disadaptation. From a philosophical point of view, discusses the relationship between the processes of adaptation and disadaptation of parents and upbringing of the child with mental and physical disabilities. Analyzed the relationship between the concepts of social adaptation and social maladjustment. The article shows that the birth and upbringing of a child causes parents a range of negative reactions and experiences a crisis of emotional States, with their inherent emotional anxiety, depressive tendencies, situational and personal anxiety, that is a sign of social maladjustment. The consequences of these conditions are: existential crisis, cognitive disorientation of parents, hidden self-destruction of parents, crisis of their self-identification, loss of life prospects, disharmonious relationships in the family, «flight» of parents to work or self-denial, as a result of overvalued attitude to the child, social isolationAcceptance of problems related to parenting a special child is not achieved by all parents, it is a long and difficult way in which a traumatic situation has a psychogenic, frustrating effect on the parents' psyche and indirectly adversely affects their attitude towards the child. Parents differently tolerate the effects of stress: some are very difficult, and this negatively affects their psychosomatic state and presentation of themselves in society. Others find the resource to withstand difficulties and capable of self-realization, and achieve maximum success in socializing the child. It is determined that the integrative nature of psycho-emotional states plays an important role in terms of orientation, activity and consistency in actions to assist their child; their own parental position, as well as their ability to fully realize themselves in family and society. A philosophical analysis of works on the this problems of adaptation and maladaptation makes it possible to consider this problem at a higher level - in the system of «state – personality».
PDF (Українська)


Bestuzhev-Lada, I. V. (1995). Encyclopedic Sociological Dictionary. Мoscow. [In Russian].

Dushka, A. L. (2016). Psycho-emotional states of parents of children with psychophysical deviations: conceptualization, diagnostics and correction. (Ph. D. dissertation). Odessa. [In Russian].

Zlobina, N. V. (2015). Philosophical aspects of the story: an initial collaborator for postgraduate studies. Tambov: Type of FGBOU VPO "TDTU". [Іn Ukrainian].

Kavalerov, A. I. (2005). Social adaptation: phenomenon and manifestation. Оdessa: Astroprint. [Іn Ukrainian].

Korel, L.V. Sociology of Adaptations: Theory, methodology and methods. Novosibirsk: Science. [In Russian].

Kolenichenko, T. I. (2015). Naukovi notes of the Vinnitsa State Pedagogical University named after Mikhail Kotsyubinsky. Series: pedagogy and psychology, issue 43, 431-435. [Іn Ukrainian].

Nalchajyan, A. A. (1988). Social and psychological adaptation of personality (forms, mechanisms and strategies). Armenian SSR Academy of Sciences Publishing House: Yerevan. [In Russian].

Orlenko, I. M. (2019). Trykveter of Social Disadaptation and its model in the modern suspension (in Russian). Hilea: Science Bulletin. V. 142 (3), «Philosophical Sciences», 107-112. [Іn Ukrainian].

Orlenko, I. M. (2017). Suschnaya typizatsiya sotsialno-dezadaptovannoyi siemy vimiri philosopheskomu vimiri // Naukova piznannya: komologiiya i tekhnologі (Life Science: Comology and Technology, 2(39), 76-83. [Іn Ukrainian].

Sivirinov, B. S. (2005). Phenomenon of social perspective in modern sociology. Methodological foundations of social forecast and management. (Ph. D. dissertation). Moscow: Pro-Soviet. [In Russian].

Sidorenko, S. V. (2019). Social and Cultural Adaptation: the Global Aspect. Retrieved from handle/ 123456789/ 10436 /44-Sidorenko.pdf [Іn Ukrainian].

Sokolova, G. B. (2019). Theoretical and methodical ambush of schoolchildren with Down syndrome (Ph. D. dissertation: 19.00.08. Institute of Special Pedagogy and Psychology in the name of Mykola Yarmachenka of the National Academy of Pedagogy of Ukraine: Kyiv. [Іn Ukrainian].

Solodovnikov, V. V. (2004). Socially-adapted family in the context of public opinion. Sotsiologicheskoye issledovaniye: nauchnyy i obshchestvenno-politicheskiy zhurnal (Sociological research: Scientific and socio-political journal), № 6, 76-85. [Іn Russion].

Shibutani, T. (1969). Social Psychology: Moscow. [In Russian].

Examining the utilisation and usefulness of social support for mothers with young children with autism spectrum disorder. (2018). LL McIntyre, M Brown ̶ Journal Intellect Dev Disabil, 43(1), 93-101. Taylor & Francis. Retrieved from: 1262534

Freud, A. (1946). Das ich und die Abwehrmechanismen. London.

Philips, L. (1968). Human adaptation and his failures. Academic Press, N-Y & London.

Expanding Supports to Improve the Lives of Families of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. (2015). Mary Bower Russa, PhD, Amy L. Matthews, PhD, Jamie S. Owen-DeSchryver, PhD, Volume: 17 issue 2, 95-104. Retrieved from

Hartmann, H. (1958). Ego psychology and the Problem of adaptation. New York.

Moody, E. J., Kaiser, K., Sharp, D. et al. (2019). Child Fam Stud Improving Family Functioning Following Diagnosis of ASD: A Randomized Trial of a Parent Mentorship Program 28. Retrieved from: 10.1007/s10826-018-1293-z

Parenting preschoolers with autism: Socioeconomic influences on wellbeing and sense of competence. Nisha E. Mathew, Karen L. O. Burton, Anne Schierbeek, Rudi Črnčec, Amelia Walter & Valsamma Eapen. Retrieved from World J Psychiatr. March 27; 9(2), 2019. Р 30-46. DOI: 10.5498/wjp.v9.i2.30 ISSN 2220-3206 (online)11.

Trentacosta, C.J., Irwin, J.L., Crespo, L.M., & Beeghly, M. (2018). Financial hardship and parenting stress in families with young children with autism: opportunities for preventive intervention. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018. Retrieved from

Lavee, Y., Sharlin, S., & Katz R. (1996). The Effect of Parenting Stress on Marital Quality: An Integrated Mother-Father Model. Journal of Family, Issues 17(1), 114-135. Retrieved from 6017001007

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.