The article is devoted to the analysis of a new philosophical movements, a new system of work outlook called transhumanism, since a new view of a person and his opportunities is being formed in society. Analysis of sources from which the transhumanism originated concerns several stages where the initial prerequisites of this trend were formed. This article shows the philosophical ideas of transhumanist thought, the algorithm of realization of formation of transhumanism is considered, as a result of which the logic of reorientation in the system of values of mankind becomes clear. Also, the statements of a large number of Western scholars ‒ philosophers are presented about the prospects and consequences of this transhumanist project, obsessed only by human perfection, and not by its moral value. In modern scientific thought there are many adherents of transhumanism who do not see any contradictions between humanism and transhumanism. And there are also a large number of opponents of transhumanist ideas. There is a the third scientists group of gives a logical explanation of the transhumanist direction and at the same time offers a way out in order to avoid an adverse outcome. Author of article make an attempt of consideration of some types of alternative ways of settlement of disputes among supporters and opponents of transhumanism on the basis of philosophical experience of some scientists. Thus, summing up our research, we can say that, looking into the future, we can see that a person does not preserve his natural qualities as he develops and, under the influence of technogenic engineering, turns into a being, like things, which, depending on the circumstances, have different intellectual, creative, physical and other properties and at the same time lose their moral and spiritual.
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