Theoretical measures and practical meaning of the modern philosophy of contractualism (from freedom to trust and responsibility)
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Keywords

theory of social agreement, philosophy of contractualism, freedom, responsibility, dignity, trust, justice, political philosophy

How to Cite

Usov, D. (2019). Theoretical measures and practical meaning of the modern philosophy of contractualism (from freedom to trust and responsibility). Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (1-2), 238-250. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2019.1-2.13

Abstract

The article arises an important for the modern philosophy idea of theoretical limits and practical meaning of the modern philosophy of contractualism. It is also proved that in the further escalation and realization of the idea of a social agreement, the main must be the theoretical and practical recognition of the importance of freedom and responsibility, human dignity and trust among people to each other and to state and public institutions. The understanding of such human virtues and ways of human existence as honesty, justice and responsibility should be completed by their existence as real social practices. Based on the contemplation of such classics of contemporary philosophy as K.-O.Apel, J.Habermas, H.Jonas, A. Honneth, W.Kersting, F.Fukuyama, proved that those members of the social agreement, which are inherent in freedom, dignity and responsibility can become not only the objects but also participants of social life, these are citizens. The author of the article seeks to find answers to the questions about the challenges is facing a modern democratic society and whether only the ruling elites are responsible for the prospects of its development? In the theoretical sense, the article deals with the study of the current state of the philosophy of contractualism, its attempts to go beyond procedural formalism and Kant transcendentalism, to engage in understanding not only the problems of freedom and justice, but also the trust and responsibility of every citizen as the subject of a real social agreement. The article points out that the idea of ​​a social agreement makes it possible to unite diverse, sometimes even different interests and values, and is more adequate to the pluralistic nature of modern society. In addition, having a common interest and trust-based consent will help people act together to achieve a common goal. The author points out that in order to remain in the space of justice and morality, one must be free from formal agreements, and replace them with real ones. It is fundamentally important to try to understand the problem and the idea of ​​social agreement not only in moral and methodological terms.

https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2019.1-2.13
PDF (Українська)

References

Habermas, J. (2006). Involvement of the other: Political Studies Studios. Lviv. [In Ukrainian].

Нonneth, A. (2013). Das Recht der Freiheit. Grundriss einer demokratischen Sittlichkeit. Berlin.

Kersting, W. (1994). Politische Philosophie des Gesellschaftsvertrags. Darmstadt.

Tugendhat, E. (2006). Das Problem einer autonomen Moral. Ernst Tugendhats Ethik. Einwaende und Erwiderungen (pp. 13-31). München.

Fukujama, Fr. (2004). Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. Мoscow. [In Russian].