This article represents a study of F. Nietzsche’s reception of Buddhism. His works are analyzed from the standpoint of the «philosophy of emptiness». Buddhism is mentioned in majority of his works, but these mentions are of ambiguous and contradictory character caused by the lack in the Buddhist studies of the 2nd half of 19th century of an adequate interpretation of the basic concept of Buddhist thought – «emptiness» (sunyata). On the example of several parallels it is demonstrated that there is considerable closeness between the Nietzsche’s ideas and Buddhism and a suggestion is made concerning the Nietzsche’s acquaintance with Dhammapada. The analysis presented in this article allows to assert that Nietzsche had intuitionally predicted the future discoveries of academic Buddhology and his understanding of Buddhism resulted much more adequate to the inner essence of Buddhism (philosophy of emptiness) than the prevailing in that historical period «cult of Nothingness».
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