The article examines the relationship of religion and knowledge as the main elements of the conception of Theophan Prokopovych. The author notes that most of T. Prokopovich's works had a public character or dedication to a particular event or figure - and this explains the presence in most of them of an unchanging religious component that had a distinctly Orthodox color. However, following the logic of his thought, the philosopher often came to ambiguous, or quite opposite conclusions, some of which focused on Protestant attitudes. And this specific construction of the text can be considered as a personal philosophical way of thinking of Theophanes Prokopovich. It is noted that in general, T. Prokopovich's style differed significantly from the traditional school rhetoric and baroque manner of presentation, which the thinker contrasted with the clarity, clarity and logic of the presentation of thoughts.We consider the theory of innate ideas as one of the leading explanations for knowledge in modern philosophy. The article focuses on the cognitive activity of man and Theophan Prokopovych’s understanding of it. In particular, it justifies the impossibility of innate ideas and argues for the need to substantiate any testimony received by man within the limits of direct experience. This testifies to the common motives in Theophanes Prokopovich's views on the nature of human knowledge and the role of empirical experience with the views of representatives of the European Modernist, in particular with the ideas of J. Locke. The text compares the views of Prokopovych and Lock to sources of human knowledge and demonstrates that innate idea of God is not common to both thinkers. Proved that philosophers were in common philosophical context, so that they have common views on the nature of human knowledge. In addition, made evident differences in the views of philosophers associated with the interpretation of true knowledge and its importance to humans. Found that truth of knowledge is important for Theophan Prokopovych because it is directly linked with the true faith of man. As a result, the necessity to consider the philosophical views of a thinker in the context of Europe-an philosophy is soundly.
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