Transformations of mithicity of the world image in philosophy and psychology
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myth, stages of development of psychology, psychotherapy, religion, sociality

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Lukashenko, M. (2018). Transformations of mithicity of the world image in philosophy and psychology. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (3-4), 152-162.


 The article deals with the historically dynamic reflection of the phenomenon of the social world conception in mythological, philosophical and scientific psychological knowledge. For example, the attitude toward myths and their place in psychological knowledge shows not only the coexistence and mutual influence different paradigms of knowledge, but also the circulation of information and methods of work. The author notes that during the philosophical period of psychology a wide field of psychological knowledge, obtained by the method of observation, introspection, reflection, was created, and a situation of readiness to change the paradigm, the emergence of a new methodology and the beginning of the scientific stage were formed. He was associated with the recognition that changes in social development tend to depend on changes in the thinking of its members and was marked by the struggle against old myths. Although it was during the Enlightenment, in addition to preserving some of the traditional myths, new scientific, economic and political myths were actively produced. Today, however, the Enlightenment paradigm is being updated again, albeit in its new form, with new values. Jointly presented myths from the time of the Cognitive Revolution to today create imaginary realities that are a prerequisite for the successful cooperation of people in groups of any size. The reasons for struggling against myths and the appearance of their new forms were described. It is noted that today the division into mythological, philosophical and scientific psychological knowledge has a historical character, reflects the transformation of methodology, but it is conditional, since there is a constant circulation of information and methods between them. Thus, philosophical psychology generalizes the knowledge obtained experimentally, and practical psychology, psychotherapy integrates philosophical methods. And today myths have ceased to be objects of scientific study, they have become part of a practical socio-psychological methodology. Modern myths are considered from the point of view of sociality, society's resources, psychotherapy and its methods.
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