The views of the followers of E.Minkowski R.D. Laing and J.Gabel on existential alienation
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existential, alienation, E.Minkovsky, R.D. Leing, J.Gabel

How to Cite

Zinevych, A. (2018). The views of the followers of E.Minkowski R.D. Laing and J.Gabel on existential alienation. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (3-4), 118-135. Retrieved from


The article deals with the development of E.Minkowski’s concept of «morbid rationalism», as a cause of the alienation of consciousness from lived experience, by his followers R.D. Laing and J.Gabel. R.D. Laing considers the existential alienation as the alienation of the «false» or «outer self» from the «true,» or «inner self.» According to Laing, «false self» forms in the process of socialization as a socially acceptable image of thyself, which gradually suppresses and supersedes the true image. According to J.Gabel, the concept of the «morbid rationalism» should be extended to the «normal» state of a person, who doesn’t live, but leads an alienated reified existence as a thing, instrument, and social function. Both Laing and Gabel agree, that the «norm» is only a socially legalized form of alienation, while psychopathology is all, that differs from the first one. But if Laing considers schizophrenia to be the way to freedom from social masks, to return to the true self, for Minkowski schizophrenia, as a rebellion of existence against the violence of reason, is not a solution. For him, only with the emergence of a new, supra-social level of spirit it is possible to overcome the alienation of reason from existence.

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