The Notion «Freedom» in Scientific Work of Albert Einstein
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Keywords

freedom, intellectual independence, artistic freedom, civic freedom

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How to Cite

Drobovych, A. (2018). The Notion «Freedom» in Scientific Work of Albert Einstein. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (3-4), 76-84. https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2018.3-4.07

Abstract

This article presents a brief philosophical review to the first translation of the article «Freedom and Science» by Albert Einstein into Ukrainian. The topicality of this publication is connected with the fact that the notion «freedom» analyzed by Einstein is viewed in terms of those social and philosophical issues Ukrainian society is currently facing – civic responsibility under conditions of war, ability to align with freedom and to withstand propaganda, science for the quality improvement of people’s life and assurance their dignity. The author notes that in his scholarly work and social work, Dr. Albert Einstein has always been an apologist for the uncompromising respect for freedom. Analyzing his biography and works, we can conclude that he distinguished three fundamental dimensions of freedom, the provision of which is not only a pledge of human dignity, but also a condition for the development of mankind: freedom from prejudice, freedom for creativity and civil freedom. Freedom from prejudice is the first dimension of freedom, freedom of thought and intellectual independence. It is the first scientist's conscious measure of freedom. Intellectual freedom for Einstein is a category of practical and in fact provides for the normal unfolding of the natural curiosity inherent in man. Freedom for creativity - the second dimension of freedom concerns, first and foremost, the socio-economic conditions of a person's life. Einstein, like many of his contemporaries, supports the view that all the achievements of civilization should serve to facilitate the work of man and thus free his time for creativity and self-development. Civil liberties, according to Albert Einstein, are at all fundamental to ensuring human dignity and the survival of civilization. At the same time, Einstein's development of civil liberty was closely linked to freedom of expression, peace on the planet and the level of education of citizens. The aim of this publication is in broader mainstreaming of Albert Einstein’s intellectual legacy into Ukrainian social, philosophical and ethical discourse.

https://doi.org/10.35423/2078-8142.2018.3-4.07
PDF (Українська)

References

Isaacson W. (2015). Albert Einstein: his life and his universe. Moscow: AST; CORPUS. [Іn Russian].

Einstein A. (1967). Science and civilization. In Albert Einstein. Collection of scientific papers. In 4 vols. Moscow: Nauka. [Іn Russian].

Bertrand Russell. (1935). In Praise of Idleness and Other Essays. London: George Allen & Unwin.

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