The article is devoted to the least controlled and most dangerous threats of the present, namely, bioterrorism and biological warfare. The attention is paid to the fact that at present the existing sequence of terrorist actions with the use of pathogens of infectious diseases and bacterial toxins actualizes the problem of biological safety, which has become global and does not depend on state borders. The main sources of biological hazards to humans, animals, plants and the environment include pathogens (infectious diseases). Both natural and genetically modified pathogens are a danger. It has been observed that developments in the field of microbiology are used for anti-humane purposes, which is a significant factor exacerbating the issue of biosafety. This is about creating the latest types of biological weapons. Significant biological danger to humans are new infectious diseases that are caused by previously unknown pathogens to mankind. In particular, viruses, bacteria, and prions. It is noted that today people have been able to create gene constructs that can initiate metabolic disorders and cell death throughout the body. Moreover, at the present level of knowledge, it is quite realistic to commit a genetic genocide, that is, the possibility of annihilation with the help of biological weapons of these-nationalities, affecting their specific genetic characteristics. It is emphasized that it is necessary to make decisions of a political, economic and philosophical nature, including the strengthening of international control over the work with especially dangerous agents, as well as the development of specific programs to counter bioterrorism. It is emphasized that at present solving problems connected with counteraction to bioterrorism is a leading task that directly affects the interests of ensuring security not only of individual countries, but of the entire planet as a whole.
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