Adaptive possibilities of philosophy in the socialization of man in the modern world.
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philosophy, functions of philosophy, personality, adaptation, psychotherapy, psyche

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Rybakova, K. (2018). Adaptive possibilities of philosophy in the socialization of man in the modern world. Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac, (3-4), 57-66.


The article is concerned with understanding and synthesis of theoretic and practical cooperation between psychology, psychotherapy and philosophical disciplines. The adaptive role of philosophy in the socialization of person in the modern world is argued. Through philosophical universals or categories, philosophy touches and plays leading role in each segment of the life of a person, but through a particular personality also in society as a whole. Philosophical knowledge is intended not only to help a person navigate a constantly evolving and changing world, but also to serve as a means of developing a theoretical model, according to which a person will make some transformations, changing according to the requirements of the present. Philosophical understanding of practice includes not only the subjective activity of people, but also its spiritual varieties - political, scientific, aesthetic, moral, religious, etc., which in real life are inseparable from each other. Philosophical knowledge generalizes all kinds of communication of people, through categories attests to the unity of various forms of their life, inextricable connection with the world. The author notes that each of the functions of philosophy plays an important role in the formation of personality. It is through shaping people's attitude to society, culture and themselves through a categorical and structured reflection of the environment and ensuring adaptation to the dynamic reality of the modern world. According to the author, such a list of these functions is advisable to supplement another role, which, of course, is fulfilled by philosophy in the realities of the modern world, namely, compensatory or compensatory. The views on the compensatory function of philosophy, which have not been defined yet, are outlined. The properties of the compensatory function are determined through their role and practical effect on a person. The argumentation for the need of modern psychological assistance on the basis of philosophical theoretical preconditions is given. The therapeutic, consolating effect of philosophy on personality has been recognized since ancient times and to the present, but as a specific function inherent to philosophical knowledge, it has not yet been sufficiently investigated in scientific research and has the potential for further consideration, that makes the relevance of this article.
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